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Similar negotiations over childcare? A comparative study of fathers’ parental leave use in Finland and Sweden

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posted on 18.02.2020 by Ann-Zofie Duvander, Eleonora Mussino, Jussi Tervola
Fathers’ leave use is promoted in many countries, but so far with different success. Major explanations of different usage revolve around economic bargaining between parents and economic constraints in the household. By using extensive register data from 1999-2009 in Finland and Sweden, this study asks whether fathers’ use of parental leave in the two countries are determined by the same socioeconomic characteristics on the individual and the household level once we control for sociodemographic factors. Striking similarities in what influences fathers’ use of leave in the two contexts are found, even though leave is used at very different levels. Equal income of the mother and father leads to fathers’ leave but in high-income households mother’s higher income leads to the highest propensity of fathers’ leave. The results indicate that equal bargaining positions are associated with fathers’ leave use but also that mothers’ stronger position often facilitates fathers’ leave.

Funding

the Strategic Research Council of the Academy of Finland (nr. 293103)

Swedish Research Council via the Linnaeus Center on Social Policy and Family Dynamics in Europe (nr. 349-2007-8701)

the Swedish Initiative for Research on Microdata in Social Science and Medicine (nr. 340-2013-5164)

History

ISSN

2002-617X

Original title

Similar negotiations over childcare? A comparative study of fathers’ parental leave use in Finland and Sweden

Original language

English

Publication date

18/02/2020

Licence

Exports