Did they stay or did they go: The role of intention behind re-migration behaviour
In terms of re-migration among international migrants, knowledge of how intention relates to actual behaviour remains scarce, as intention and behaviour are largely separated in the literature. In this paper we examine the extent to which intentions might predict actual behaviour, compare their main determinants, and analyse what factors are related to the realization (or not) of re-migration intentions. The data is comprised of a unique linkage of survey data on foreign-born individuals’ future mobility intentions, combined with prospective, high-quality register data from Sweden. Our findings show that intention is a poor proxy of re-migration behaviour, especially after a long time at the destination. Whilst social and economic destination country attachments are relevant for explaining both intention and behaviour, origin country ties are mostly related to re-migration intentions. Moreover, we show that realizing intentions of both staying and leaving the destination country is hindered by unemployment and economic difficulties.