Fertility intentions among the children of immigrants in Sweden. Are there differences according to generational status, parental origin, and gender?

2018-01-09T15:18:54Z (GMT) by Erik Carlsson
Abstract: Even though fertility preferences among immigrant descendants provide information about their level of ideological adaptation to destination country patterns, there is so far only little research on the topic. In analyzing the short-term fertility intentions among children of immigrants in Sweden, this study contributes new insights both by extending the focus from behavior to preferences and by distinguishing among children of immigrants according to (1) generational status, (2) parental origin, and (3) gender. With data from the Swedish GGS of 2012/2013 (n=3,958), the study uses partial proportional odds models to compare the children of immigrants to non-immigrants and the first generation regarding the propensity to have a more positive intention along a four-category scale (definitely/probably yes/no). Results indicate that convergence to destination country patterns is taking place across immigrant generations, with both the second generation with one and with two foreign-born parent(s) being similar to non-immigrants at every step of the analysis, the first generation having more positive intentions at almost every step, and the 1.5 generation often in a medium position. This pattern of convergence is in line with earlier findings on fertility behavior and holds also when generational categories are disaggregated by four regional origins: Western, Eastern European, Middle Eastern/North African, and other non-European. There are gender differences for all three generational groups of children of immigrants, with men having similar or more positive intentions compared to non-immigrant men and women having similar or less positive intentions compared to non-immigrant women.