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Labour force participation and childbearing: The impact of the first child on the economic activity of Swedish women
preprintposted on 2021-02-12, 16:06 authored by Eva Bernhardt
Swedish women have become increasingly inclined to take up a part-time job after the birth of their first child. The degree of home attachment has decreased considerably, at the same time as we observe a growing popularity of part-time work among women who take up employment again after having entered motherhood (but before the birth of their second child). Even women who start their post-birth labour market activity with full-time work have shown an increasing tendency to switch to part-time work. On the other hand, the propensity of one-child mothers who have taken up a part-time job to "escalate" hours of work has remained at a very low level. Most women working part-time continue to do so up to the birth of their second child. The length of prior work life experience, i e before the arrival of the first child, is positively related to part-time work. Somehow, an "established." position in the labour market seems to be a prerequisite for both getting and keeping a part-time job after childbirth. Conversely, a high level of education and/or "upper middle class" background seems to be associated with a disinclination toward part-time work.
The study is based on data from the Swedish Fertility Survey, undertaken by Statistics Sweden in 1981.
the Swedish Council for Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences
the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation
the Delegation for Social Research
Original titleLabour force participation and childbearing: The impact of the first child on the economic activity of Swedish women
Affiliation (institution of first SU-affiliated author)
- 310 Sociologiska institutionen | Department of Sociology