Stockholm University
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Overqualification among second generation children of migrants in the Swedish labor market

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posted on 2023-06-02, 14:02 authored by Wooseong KimWooseong Kim

Studies on the integration of the descendants of migrants––the second generation––show a mismatch between their educational achievements and labor market outcomes compared to ancestral native population. This descriptive study focuses on overqualification––a downward educational mismatch––as an indicator of the labor market integration of second generations. Using the Swedish total population register from 2001 to 2016, I investigate the pattern of overqualification among second generations and compare them to the ancestral native counterparts. I further investigate heterogeneities in overqualification between ancestral Swedish population and 10 second generation ancestry groups. The descriptive findings show that second generations report a lower prevalence of overqualification than immigrants and a similar prevalence compared to ancestral natives. Yet, the differences between ancestral Swedes and second generations widened over time. The results from logistic regression analyses confirm second generation’s improvements and the remaining gaps between second generations and ancestral Swedes. Further analyses stratified by ancestry report that the differences between ancestral natives and second generations are driven by non-Western G2 women and men, such as Iranian, Middle-Eastern, and Yugoslavian/Bosnian second generation individuals. This paper concludes by elaborating on the potential explanations of the findings while highlighting future research suggestions.  


Stockholm University




Original title

Overqualification among second generation children of migrants in the Swedish labor market

Original language

  • English

Publication date


Affiliation (institution of first SU-affiliated author)

  • 310 Sociologiska institutionen | Department of Sociology


  • public