Preprints are manuscripts made publicly available before they have been submitted for formal peer review and publication. They might contain new research findings or data. Preprints can be a draft or final version of an author's research but must not have been accepted for publication at the time of submission.
Abstract: This paper is an analysis of patterns and determinants of
return and onward migration among foreign-born individuals residing in Sweden
from 1990-2015. Who is emigrating, and where do they go? What are the
determinants of return and onward migration? Increased diversity in
international migration flows includes an increase in repeat migration. However,
studies of re-emigration have often failed to appropriately distinguish
emigration types and have traditionally been limited to economic analysis of
labour migrants. Using high-quality register data from Sweden, this paper
analyses re-emigration through the conditions upon first immigration and the
evolving social and economic situations in the host country. Although return
migration is found to be the main form of remigration type, onward migration is
more prominent among specific migrant groups (e.g., forced migrants).
Additionally, various determinants of return and onward migration stress the
importance of treating them as distinct phenomena within the migration