The realization of short-term fertility intentions among immigrants and children of immigrants in Norway and Sweden
Immigrant fertility and the realization of fertility intentions are two topics of considerable interest in contemporary demographic research. Yet, very few studies have so far explored the relationship between intended and actual fertility specifically among immigrants and their children. Using data from the Norwegian and Swedish Generations and Gender Surveys, this study analyzes how both positive and negative short-term fertility intentions stated by both men and women at Wave 1 in 2007/08 (Norway) or 2012/13 (Sweden) had been realized at register-based follow-ups three years after interview. Results show that realization patterns differ significantly between natives and certain immigrant groups. Both first- and second-generation women of non-Western origin are less likely than native women to realize a positive fertility intention. Western-origin men are instead more likely than native men to realize a positive intention and also less likely to have an unintended birth. These findings contribute new insights to the understanding of both immigrants’ adaptation to the fertility regime of the destination country and patterns of intention realization in immigrant receiving societies.